EXODUS 32 — ATONEMENT
Summary — In our study of the main themes of the Old Testament, we have discussed the following topics:
Life — Gen 1 — Creation
Curse — Gen 3 — Adam and Eve
Salvation — Gen 6 — Noah and the Flood
Judgment — Gen 11 — The Tower of Babel
Blood — Ex 3 and 12 — Moses and the Passover
Law — Ex 20 — The Ten Commandments
Atonement — Ex 32 — The Golden Calf
More on the concept of the atonement can be viewed at https://hillsidelaughter.com/theology/a-church-alphabet/
Questions to consider:
(Some questions from Colin Smith)
1. What is atonement and why is it necessary?
2. Do you think people experience guilt today? How do they deal with it?
3. What did God say to the people?
4. Why did Moses leave?
6. Why did Aaron make tragic leadership decisions? Does this happen today?
7. Why did the Israelites fall away from God so quickly? How could people be susceptible to the same temptation today?
8. What did Moses do to punish the people?
9. Why did God not simply forgive the people when they were sorry?
10. How did Moses plead for the people?
11. Three strategies proved to be unsuccessful in restoring God’s presence – being sorry, intercession of another human being, painstaking obedience. Why are these ineffective and where do you see them in evidence today?
12. What finally did restore God’s presence?
13. What did Jesus do to restore our relationship with God?
Augustus Toplady’s hymn, Rock of Ages, expresses something of how atonement is accomplished.
Rock of Ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in Thee;
Let the water and the blood,
From Thy wounded side which flowed,
Be of sin the double cure;
Save from wrath and make me pure.
Not the labor of my hands
Can fulfill Thy law’s demands;
Could my zeal no respite know,
Could my tears forever flow,
All for sin could not atone;
Thou must save, and Thou alone.